Blackjack is believed to be a variation of the French games "chemin de fer" and "French Ferme". The game "vingt-et-un" (twenty-and-one) originated in French casinos around 1700 and migrated to the United States in the 1800's. After placing your chip wager on the table, you - and the other players - will each be dealt two cards, both face up. The dealer also gets two cards, one up and one down. You and the other players are playing against the dealer, so there could be multiple winners with each deal. By combining the value of the cards, you need to come as close to 21 without going over that amount. Aces count as one or 11; all Jacks, Queens and Kings are 10. All other card values are represented by their number. You can win in two ways against the dealer: Have a total closest to 21 without going over, or if the dealer "busts" by going over 21. The payout is equal to your wager. If your cards and the dealer's cards match in value, it's a "push", or a tie. So, you retain your original bet. By the way, to help you out, the dealer must hit on "16" and stand on all "hard" "17's". If you're dealt an ace and ten (or face card) you have "Blackjack" that pays you one-and-a-half times your bet (1.5:1 - on a six-deck blackjack table.) So, if you bet $5.00, you get your initial wager back plus $7.50. If the dealer also has Blackjack, it's a "push" or tie. So, you retain your original bet. If you don't have Blackjack on the first two cards, you need to decide whether to "stand" with your two cards or "hit" and be dealt another card. You can get "hit" with as many cards as you like - as long as you don't exceed 21. The determination of whether to "stand" or "hit" is made based on the value of your cards - and the dealer's card that you can see. With a pair of the same cards, it's sometimes advantageous to "split" your hand and play two hands at once. Or you can "Double Down" when the first two card total is in your favor - such as eleven. Check out the chart below for some helpful tips, and good luck!
|Your Hand||Dealer's Card||Action|
|13, 14, 15, or 16||2 through 6||Stand|
|13, 14, 15, or 16||7 through Ace||Hit|
|12||4, 5, 6||Stand|
|12||2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, Ace||Hit|
|A7||9 through Ace||Hit|
As usual, our friendly dealers will help you understand the game and make the best choices. Good luck!